Since records began in September 1996.
September 1996. Very dry, very sunny, with a warm spell at the start.
September 1. Move to Dundee and suffer the extreme trauma of having to start my weather records all over again. There's a good warm spell when I arrive: 23.0C on the 2nd.
October 1996. Warm and wet.
October 24-28. 51.6mm of rain.
November 1996. Cool, sunny, and wet.
November 18-29. An early cold snap. Snow on the hill behind the house on the 18th, with some snow lying all this period, for a total of 12 consecutive days, with a minimum of -4.5C on the 19th.
November 19. My current record low is set at -4.5C early this morning.
December 1996. Cold. At 2.8 C it is the record coldest month so far.
December 6. The maximum today was only -0.2 - the lowest maximum yet.
December 7-11. No sunshine.
December 31 to January 11. Cold snap, with snow.
A very warm (9.65C) and dry (675.2 mm) year.
January 1997. Cool, very dry, and dull.
January 1 to 11. Continuing the cold snap, with snow on ground. February 5. The lowest minimum of the year (-3.3).
February 1997. Mild, sunny, and wet.
February 17-20. 52.5mm of rain.
March 1997. Very mild, sunny, and dry.
30 March. A March high of 16.1 set, also the earliest date above 15.9 (the old magic 60F).
April 1997. Warm and extremely dry. With only 10.0 mm of rain, it is the record driest month so far.
April 6 to 22. A drought of 17 days (inclusive).
May 1997. Very wet and cool.
May 17-21. No sunshine.
June 1997. Extremely wet.
June 11. A rainfall of 31.2mm today makes this the wettest day of the year and the wettest day on so far. There is no sun in the five days 11-16th.
July 1997. Warm and wet.
August 1997. Hot and dry. The record hottest month so far (16.7 overall).
August 8. The hottest day of the year (24.3) and the record hottest day so far.
August 21. Minimum falls to only 18.8C.
September 1997. Dry and sunny.
September 9 to October 5. Drought of 19 days (the record so far).September 19-20. Some cool nights.
October 1997. Mainly dry and sunny.
November 1997. Very mild, very dull, and very wet.
November 2-8. No sun at all; easterly winds make it very dull. These
seven consecutive days are an equal record
period so far (with September 1998).
December 1997. Mild, dull, wet, and changeable.
December 16-19. 37.7mm of rain on the 18-19. There is no sun from the 16-19.
December 27. The first frost of the year, which shows how amazingly mild the winter was here.
A very wet (953.0 mm) and cool (9.03C) year.
January 1998. Mild.
January 4. The wettest day of the year (27.0mm), mostly falling as wet snow.No sun at all; easterly winds give much fog and low cloud. These seven consecutive days are an equal record period so far (with Novemeber 1997).
January 9. The record warmest January day so far, at 12.7C.
January 21-25. No sun at all.
January 26, 27. The lowest maximum of the year (-3.7) on each of these mornings.
February 1998. Very mild and very dry.
March 1998. Generally mild and dry.
March 6. Early cold snap: snow dirsupts traffic.
April 1998. Extremely wet (120.2 mm) and dull.
April 2-6. Wet spell: 74.1mm of rain, 25.6 mm of it on the 4th. There is also no sun at all for five days.
April 12. A low relative humidity of only 29%.
April 16. The record latest date so far on which snow/sleet falls.
April 22. The first date this year in excess of 15.9C (60F) with a high of 16.1. It was 16.9 the next day.
May 1998. Quite dry.
June 1998. Wet and cool.
1 June. The record lowest maximum for June of just 7.9C.
July 1998. Dull and very wet , cool.
August 1998. Quite dry.
September 1998. Warm but wet and cloudy.
September 21. At 24.2C this is the warmest day of the year, and the record September maximum to date - and so late in the season! What a miserable summer. It is also the latest date at which 21C is exceeded. A remarkable warm spell.
September 22 to 28. No sun at all; easterly winds give much fog and low cloud. These seven consecutive days are an equal record period so far (with November 1997).
October 1998. Very wet. This the wettest month on record (136.5 mm) up to this point. Earliest frost on record (-0.7 on the 20th). The temperature did not exceed 15C at all this month
November 1998. Wet. With 106.1 mm it's the record wettest November so far. What a month!
November 4. This is the record earliest date so far on which snow has fallen.The 5th is then the recordearliest date so far on which snow has laid.
November 12-13. A pleasant enough day, but overnight on the 12th there were 35.9mm of rain. This is a new record. It seemed wet at the time, but I had no idea so much had fallen until I emptied the rain gauge at 8.00am. Not surprisingly, the local roads were very wet. When I checked the rain gauge Friday (13th) lunchtime, a further 22mm had fallen in the period 8.00am-1.30pm. Althogether there was about 60mm in a 20 hour spell. The final rainfall for Friday 13th was 26.3.
November 17th. A record new low of -5.3 on the morning of Tuesday 17th (and grass minimum of -10.0). That day the maximum was only +0.7, a new record low maximum.
December 1998. Mild, sunny, dry, severe gale.
December 4-7. Cold snap breaks sets a number of new records here. After a mild start to the month, the first week got progressively colder. An Arctic plunge on Friday 4 made things interesting. Overnight on the 4-5 snow fell and 2-3cms lay. With a snow covering and clear skies in Arctic air the temperature fell to a new record low of -6.7 on the Sunday morning, 6 December. If the wind had abated a bit it would presumably have been lower. The temperature only got up to -0.5 that Sunday, and the following night fell to -7.0, breaking the previous night's record, in spite of the fact that it clouded over throughout the night. That was 41 hours of continuous frost (from 6 pm on 5.12.98 to 11 am on 7.12.98).
December 13-14. After the notable cold, and exceptionally mild spell. Warm air from ther Azores hot spot arrived overnight on the13th; the temperature in the early hours of the 14th rose to 13.4C from a reading of 7.0 (that day's minimum) at 5pm. The next morning (day of the 14th) was even milder: 13.6 was reached mid-morning. As it cleared, however, temperatures fell back to a more reasonable (but still mild) 8.0.
December 26. A great storm: the Boxing Day storm of 1998. Pressure fell 37mbar from 9am to a new record low of 964 mbars at 7pm. It was very, very windy. We experienced our first ever structural damage due to winds: a bracket was blown off the guttering, and the guttering became loose.
January 1999. Cool, wet, with a severe gale. A very SW month (15 days).
January 4. Another great storm. Although supposedly not as bad as the 1998 Boxing Day storm, this one seemed worse, presumably because it peaked when I was out and about in daylight hours. I worried about my plants. It was also poignant: by a freak, it destroyed my trusty thermometer. A gust took the garden gate, which bounced off my thermometer shelter, shattering it. Good job I had a replacement handy.
January 5-14 . While the south of Britain had a distinctly mild spell, it stayed cold in Pitroddie, culminating in a light snowfall on the night of the 11-12th, and some sharp frosts. A new record low of -4.4 was set in the early hours of the 12th. After a mild morning on the 15th, temperatures fell sharply, and it became very windy. There was another light snowfall overnight on the 15-16th.
January 30-31. The last two days were the only really mild days of the month (8.5 and 8.3).
February 1999. Very sunny and dry. A month of alternating spells of arctic air with milder westerly interludes. The coldest February here since my records began (1996).
February 3-4. Another notable storm. This one finished off part of our guttering. Although not generally as severe as those of Boxing day 1998 or January 4th, this one seemed nearly as bad at times.
February 5-10. On the Friday the wind changed to the northwest and over the next few days a succession of weak cold fronts brought increasingly colder Arctic air to Pitroddie. Combined with the wind speed, it was not pleasant to be outside for long, in spite of the brilliant sunshine. A new record low of -3.9 on the morning of the 7th. The maximum on the 8th was only 2.1, and the minimum on the morning of the 9th a new record of -4.8. This period was characterised by low relative humidity; hence little rime. The cold spell was absolutely neither severe nor prolonged, but it was the best in February since we've been here. It became less cold on the 10th, and was very mild again on the 11th.
February 16. The start of another wintry snap. A cold front passed through on the night of the 15-16th with a sharp drop in temperature; the wind blew arctic air in from the NW on the morning of the16th. At least this time we had some snow showers, albeit very light ones. It didn't last long.
February 22. At last, a modest February snowfall: 2cm overnight and in the morning of the 22nd. It all largely disappeared in the sun during the day, however.
March 1999. The coolest March so far since we moved here (6.2), and also quite dry (42.0mm). Not much of note this month: no snow. Two new records: a new highest minimum of 8.8 on the 17th, and the maximum maximum of 13.8 (on the 16th) is the lowest March high max so far.
24 March I went automatic with a Davis WMII AWS.
27 March. A low relative humidity of only 31%.
April 1999. Warmer than average, and quite dry. It would have been warmer but for a cold snap with snow midmonth. A month conspicuous for the absence of southwesterlies. Apart from the snow on the 13-14, the highlight was the new record high of 20.7 on the 29th; a glorious day.
April 1- 4. While most of the country enjoyed a warm spell, we shivered with mist and fog. Easterlies are not good on the east coast.
April 8. The first day over 15.9F (60C) this year, at 17.3.
April 29. New record high April max of 20.7.
May 1999. The record warmest May here so far (11.4).
May 10. A new record (since the 24 March, when my WMII was up and running!) 10 minute rainfall rate of 3.2mm in a shower late this afternoon.
May 27. A new record high maximum for May of 22.6C.
June 1999. The driest (65.6mm - so that's not that dry, of course) and warmest (13.2) June since I've moved here. This month also strangely set the record for the highest mean max so far (17.4) and the lowest mean minima (8.9).
June 25, 26. Set and equalled a record new June max of 23.0.
July 1999. The record warmest (16.3C) July so far - with high maxima (21.0), let down by the minima. The second warmest month overall to date. It was also the record driest July so far (36.8mm).
July 8-12. Records tumble in the hottest spell of weather since I move here: a record new high maximum of 25.7 in the sun on Thursday 8th. The next few days were also very warm (25.5. and 25.3), but afternoon buildup of cloud meant that the temperatures jsut failed to break the record. A showery outbreak on Sunday 11th pegged the temperatures back a bit, but then, rather out of the blue, a new record was set on Monday 12th: 26.4 - just failing to beat the 80F mark. The minimum in the early hours of Saturday morning (10th) was 15.2. The heat was accompanied by high humidity, with a high dewpoint of 21, making it feel very uncomfortable. The weather broke down with a cold front passing through on the 13th. The end of the month ended warm and humid, but not as hot as earlier in the month.
July 22-August 11th. Drought! A record 21 days without measurable rain was ended by 2.4mm of rain in the afternoon of Thursday 12th.
August 1999. Although pretty average overall, the average August minimum was the record lowest so far (10.3C). It was also the record driest August so far (23.2).
August 3. New record August high of 26.1.
August 23. New record August low of 5.2. Also we narrowly avoid a ground frost on the 21st and 23rd (+1.0C).
September 1999. At 14.4C, the record warmest September since I moved here. And with 88.4mm of rain, also the record wettest. Notable warm spell at the beginning (23.8 on the 5th). Notable warm nights.
September 2. A minimum of only 15.9 in the early hours is a new record high minimum for September.
September 20 sees 26.0mm of rain.
October 1999. A pretty uneventful month. High daytime temperatures (13.2) but the minima were nothing special, so this months no records were broken. Dry, quite sunny, mild.
November 1999. A very mild month - since we moved here I've had two quite mild Novembers and two quite cold Novembers. Some notable gales at the end. The average maxima were particularly high. A new record high pressure, but no new temperature or rainfall records. A large anticyclone meant quite a dry first half, but rain at the end of month brought the total up a bit. It was still my record driest November so far, with 46.6mm.
November 10. An enormous area of high pressure sits over the country, and I record a pressure of about 1047 millibars - a new record.
November 15. Although the high is still dominant, the winds swing round to the NW and N, ushering in a bright, sunny, cold spell - but the dry continues. In spite of the cold, I am still awaiting our first air frost of the season. We've come close, with +0.2, but it still hasn't gone lower. I think there are two reasons for this at the moment: the winds have been quite strong at night, and it's been quite cloudy at night. I now think that Pitroddie might generally have late first frosts: first, we are quite coastal in our climate, and second, we are on the side of a hill.
November 20. At last! The first air frost of the autumn (-0.4).
November 26 and 30. Notable gales. Also on the 30th...
November 30. A superb display of nacreous (mother of pearl) clouds at sunset. I first noticed it over the Tay at 3.10pm from Tesco car park. The colours were at their most brilliant around 3.30. It faded gently, but were still dimly visible almost as darkness fell, around 4.30pm. A breathtaking experience.
December 1999. A cold month, but not as cold as December 1996. The month was marked by a large number of air frosts, giving my record lowest average December minimum. A bit of snow, and some notable gales at the end.
December 2-3. An arctic plunge brings a blizzard overnight on Thursday-Friday. It's wet snow, too. 8cms of lying level snow, and we can't even get out of the yard. The snow stops around 8.30, and a slow thaw sets in. The pressure dipped to 979mbars at 7am. We're snowed in for the day.
December 8. A new record low pressure of 970 mbars set around 8pm. Oddly, it wasn't very windy. The eye of the storm?
December 13-15. Cold still, with snow and sleet showers on the night of the 13-14th and the morning of the 14th. Then clear and cold. The main effect of this is that there's more ice about than I've seen in a long time. In particular, Tuesday's sleet, snow, and slush has formed a thick layer of ice on the ground.
December 19-20th. Another cold snap, with 37 hours of continuous frost centred on the 20th, from 5pm on the 19th to 6am on the 21st.
December 24. A new record low pressure of 950 mbars set in the evening - well below the earlier record. This was associated with a notable gale.
December 25. Technically, a white Christmas, as we had a few flakes of wet snow in the morning and afternoon in showery rain. It wasn't inspiring, though. It is the lowest pressure at 9 am reading (965 mbars).
2000. An average year for temperatures, with no notable extremes. A wet year but not as wet as 1998.
January 2000. A very mild month; indeed the record warmest since I moved here, with a mean of 5.3. The maxima were consistently high (8.2), and there was no severe frost. It was also very sunny and quite dry (35.4mm). Most of the rain fell on the last two days.
February 2000. A very sunny, quite mild, and rather dry month, but exceptional events were rare on the ground (and in the air). Windy at times, too. So that's another winter gone.
March 2000. Quite mild, dry, and sunny, but not as much so as March 1997. Generally an anticyclonic month.
March 5-21.A notable warm spell early on, starting on Sunday 5th (with a maximum of 10.4C). It reached 13.6 on Monday 6th, 14.4 on Tuesday 7th, and 15.6 on Wednesday 8th. The minimum on the 6-7th was 10.1. A cool day on the 14th in the middle of the warm spell. So far this high was only beaten by 16.1 on 30 March 1997. The anticyclone seemed fixed for ever. Saturday 18th was a beautiful cloudless day, with a high of 12.7. I started to worry about having to water the garden.
March 8. The first day this year over 60F (just)! This is the earliest so far.
March 23. A front brought 14.8mm of rain, relieving the dry spell.
April 2000. Cool (but not as cold as 1998) with average rainfall - places nearby were very wet, particularly in a wet spell near the end of the month.
April 2. A cold front brings dramatically colder air and some snow. There's not enough to settle though - one of the disadvantages of the east coast perhaps. A bitter NE wind brings a wind chill of -12. At 4.4C, my record coldest April daytime maximum so far.
April 5 & 6. Low relative humidity of only 33% recorded.
April 27. Last rain before the start of the drought.
April 28. Pressure builds and the rain is killed off.
April 30. The first warm day of the year (18.3) in a dry spell with some warm days marred by easterlies.
May 2000. Started off dry with some warm days. The first half was very dry, and the second half very wet. So about average rainfall and temperatures overall.
9 May. Equals my record May maximum with 22.6;C also the earliest date such a high has been attained.
15 May. 2.0 mm of rain ends the 17 day drought.
28 May. A shower in the evening gives 13.0mm of rain in 5 hours.
29 May. A small thunderstorm at 4pm gives 8mm hail - the largest I've ever seen, I think. We keep some in the freezer. The drifts really did look like snow.
June 2000. An average sort of month, with a quiet end.
3 June. A record low of 2.9 C and a ground frost (-0.5).
12-13 June. A gale in summer!
15 June. Relative humidity low of only 38%.
22 June. The great Pitroddie downpour: in a shower between 5 and 6 pm 10.8 mm of rain fell - 4.2 mm of it in 10 minutes.
July 2000. A month of two contrasting halves. A quiet start, with dull, grey weather produced by persistent NEs, followed by a brighter, warmer second half from the 16th on. Overall cool (lowest average minima so far), dull, and dry - at 21.6 mm, a record driest July month.
17 July. The new record daily range so far, from 4.3C to 22.8, a range of 18.5C.
August 2000 Warm and wet. This was the record wettest August so far, with 59.6 mm. Although not as warm overall as August 1997, the average maxima were the record hottest so far, at 20.3. It was the third warmest month to date.
September 2000. Overall very wet (but not quite as wet as the wettest month, which was October 1998), dull, but with average temperatures.
11 September. Extremely dull and wet. The rainfall total for the day was 20 mm; for the 18 hours including the night before, 29.6 mm fell before 5pm.
October 2000. Overall average temperatures and rainfall; a changeable yet quite sunny month.
3 October. The record warmest October day so far, at 18.4C.
9 October. 17.2 mm of rain between 4 pm and midnight.
28-29 October. A severe gale cut off our electricity for over 12 hours.
November 2000. An average month in most respects, with rainfall and temperatures very close to average. It was however quite sunny. Changeable, with a mean pressure beneath 1000 (at 995). There were 21 ground frosts but no air frosts.
6-7 November. New record for continuous rainfall: 24 hours.
December 2000. The first three weeks were very mild and quite wet, but the last week was much colder.
15 December. The first air frost of the winter! (-0.2).
25 December. A technical white Christmas in Pitroddie, with snow showers.
27 December. Minimum of -6.0C.
26-28 December. 38 hours of continual frost.
31 December. Heavy snowfall as the cold snap ends, with wet snow and strong winds.
2001. The coldest, snowiest, frostiest, and by far the driest year so far.
January 2001. After a wet start a mainly anticyclonic month. It was overall the coldest month so far, for 5 years, at 2.7C. It was also dry overall, with only 28.2 mm of rain.
15 January. Just before dawn the temperature dipped to a new record January low of -6.6. The frosts were harsh and early to start and late to lift; everything became coated in a layer of rime.
23 January. Very low pressure: 966 mbars.
February 2001. Cold at first, then mild and unsettled, then anticyclonic but mild, then cold again. Overall it was quite cold (the coldest here since 1996), sunny, but with average rainfall. At least there were some reasonable amounts of snow.
3-5 February. The great Pitroddie blizzard - the most impressive since my records began here (and indeed, in my memory, since the Midlands snowstorm of December 1990). It began with sleet on the afternoon of Saturday 3rd around 3pm. Although recently forecast, I wasn't optimistic that morning giving temperatures of 5C. Temperatures fell through the afternoon, to 0.2 in the early evening, when the snow began to settle. By Sunday (4th) morning, snow was 11 cm deep, and it was still snowing. We even had 5 cms long icicles on the window frame. By early evening the snow was lighter, more intermittent, and powdery rather than the earlier large flakes. It finally stopped around 11 pm, after 32 hours of continuous snow (a new record snowfall/rainfall duration). More fell during the night, however, giving a total depth of 18 cms by the morning of Monday 5th. The maximum on the 4th was only +0.3, a new record low maximum for February. There was no sun at all from the 1st to 6th inclusive.
10 February. A warm front brings rain, much milder air, and a thaw. Anticyclonic and mild after that.
22 February. The cold air returns with snow flurries and a frost.
26 February. More severe weather, with snow from about 6 am, giving 8 cms by 2 pm.
March 2001 Generally cold - at 4.1, the coldest in the area since 1996, but with quite a mild second week. An exceptional cold start, with snow and severe frost.
1 March. A day of continuous frost, with more fresh snow (another 1-2 cms). There were 41 hours of frost, from 8pm on the 28 February to 1pm on the 2 March, with a new record low maximum of -0.4 on the 1st.
2 March. On the morning of Friday 2 March a new record low was set - not just for March, but by some considerable margin: -9.5 C. It followed a day of continuous frost, fresh snow, clearing skies, and easing wind. Classic conditions.
April 2001. Overall, an unexceptional month: fairly dry, on the cool side (but not exceptionally so), and quite sunny. The minima were low, and there was no maximum over 15.6C.
11 April. At last I catch a fine display of aurora borealis.
May 2001 Overall the record warmest since records began. This was wholly because of the consistently and exceptionally maxima; in fact, the nights were on average the coolest in some years. It was also very dry. It was also the driest May so far.
1 May. At last over 60F: 16.6C.
12 May. In a dry, anticyclonic spell, after several sunny days with the temperature brought down by easterlies, the temperature soars. This Saturday was the record warmest May Day so far - and beats any June maximum so far to boot as well, with 23.4C.
1-15. Drought! It was ended with 5.0 mm of rain on the 15th.
22 May. The record didn't last long. As a new anticyclone built, a new record high of 23.6C.
23 May. The new record lasted for an even shorter time, as Wednesday peaked at the new record of 24.9C.
June 2001. A cool first half, with frequent northerlies, but a warm spell late in the month meant that the overall mean was only slightly beneath normal. Slightly drier than usual.
15 June. A maximum of only 9.9C - the latest date on which the maximum has been under 10C.
25 June. A new record June maximum of 24.2C.
26 June. The mini-heatwave broke down with thundery rain. There was a fine thunderstorm at 2 am early the following morning. The minimum in the morning was a new record high minimum for June of 14.5.
July 2001. An unremarkable month - everything was pretty average. It was perhaps slightly duller than usual. A warm and fairly humid beginning and end was balanced by a cooler, unsettled midmonth.
29 July. A new record high minimum for July of 15.7C.
August 2001. Changeable, and pretty average overall in every respect. Also remarkably similar to July 2001.
18-19 August. A depression gave a total of 29.0 mm of rain. It started raining at 5pm on the 18th, and carried on, with a short break, until just after midnight the next day. I was away ...
Overall very slightly cooler than average, completely due to low minima. There were some low temperatures midmonth, from the 14th on.
18 September. The first ground frost of the season happened on the morning of the 18th: -0.5 (air minimum 3.7C). This is the earliest date yet - in previous years, the earliest ground frost was in October. The air mimum was down to 3.7C; this is a record low for September so far.
26 September. The record lowest maximum - only 11.4C. And what a dull, depressing day it was too, misty and with a light NEly.
October 2001. Easily the record mildest on record (12.1C average). The minima were particularly high - the average was higher than that for September. In addition to being so warm, the month was also wet, windy, and quite cloudy.
1-2 October. A very unsettled start, with gale force winds (particularly on Tuesday 2nd; a gust of 51 mph recorded in Dundee) and some heavy rain. 13.6 mm of rain fell on Monday 1st, most of it between 4 and 8pm, with hourly rainfall totals of 5.2, 3.4, 2.6, and 1.8 mm.
11-14 October. Very mild. 17.9C on the 12th - the highest reading for so late in the year, and the latest dat on which 17C has been exceeded (since my records began); 17.5C on the 12th.
18-20 October. Some extremely dull weather; three mornins of fog; and from Friday 19th to Saturday 20th perpetual fog (low cloud), with wind and heavy rain at times.
31 October. At last an autumnal day: a clear, windy, crisp day, with a maximum of only 10.3.
November 2001. Mild, dry, and sunny. The driest November so far (33.6 mm), and the one with the highest mean maxima (10.4C) although low minima kept the overall mean down.
7-9 November. The first taste of winter, with the first sprinkling of snow overnight on Wednesday-Thursday. It isn't quite the earliest date on which snow has fallen in the year (see November 4th, 1998). There is more snow overnight on the night of the 8-9th, giving a light cover, and the first air frost of the season.
30 November. A maximum of 13.7C - the record highest yet recorded so late in the year. It happened after dark, too.
December 2001. Cool, anticyclonic, sunny, and the record driest so far, with only 26.8 mm of rain.
2002. This year the temperature did not exceed 21C until the record late date of 15 July.
January 2002. A cold, anticyclonic start. The record wettest January so far (104.4 mm). The first five days were cold. It was then mild and dry. The final two weeks were exceptionally wet and stormy at times.
2-5 January. Cold spell. The 2nd was a frost day; after a low minimum of -6.2C, the maximum during the day was only -1.1. Temperatures fell rapidly away after sunset, but rose before midnight to end up just above freezing around 6 am. The 4th was a true frost day, with freezing fog. Although there was no snow, the rime and ice on the ground was so thick that it looked like it.
18 January - 1 February. Exceptionally wet: 110.2 mm of rain fell in this two week period.
21 January. After the short cold spell it became very mild, and eventually the dry weather also broke down. On the 21st the maximum was 12.3 (close to the record set in 1998).
22 January. A gust of 31 mph in the sheltered garden site.
28 January. An exceptional gale: I record a gust of 38 mph. Widespread damage and travel chaos. The worst I can remember.
February 2002. Very wet and mild first half; the second half was average. Overall a record wet February (100.6 mm), and quite mild, too (5.2C). Otherwise I was disappointed by the lack of another real winter month. There was no real snow again.
13 Janury - 13 Febuary. In this month period 176.0 mm of rain fell - easily a record.
March 2002. Average with a pleasant warm spell at the end.
25 - 31 March. Pleasantly mild, with 14.7C reached on the 28th (this is not a record).
April 2002. Overall quite mild and dry, with only one air frost. Much anticyclonic gloom in the first half. Rather morie changeable from the 20th.
7 April. The only air frost of the month, at -0.9C, a new record high lowest minimum.
22 April. A new high minimum record of 11.1C.
23 April. The warmest day of the year so far - 17.4C.
27 April. Relative humidity of only 40%.
May 2002. An unexceptional month with little of note. Overall, quite wet, sunny, with average temperatures.
June 2002. Warm, quite wet (particularly in the first half), and quite cloudy. With 11 days of winds from the SW, the most SW month since January 1999.
July 2002. A cool month. Cool showery start.
2 July. A remarkable downpour, with 2.0 mm in about 10 minutes. Unfortunately the shower was very brief.
13 July. At last! The temperature exceeds 21C (70F) for the first time this year, with 22C. This is the longest we've had to wait for a reading over 21.
August 2002. Warm (the warmest since 1997, and the second warmest of the last 20 years) and wet (the wettest August in my records). Pleasingly the hottest day was the first day of the month, and the coolest the last.
1 August. The hottest day of the year (25.7C).
September 2002. The second warmest in my records, and the record driest, with only 14.0 mm. A quiet, anticyclonic month, with very little wind, and a lot of mist.
24 September. With a minimum of only 3.6, this is the new record lowest September low.
October 2002. A very exciting month.
1-2 October. A new extraordinary record warmest October day (20.0C) on the 1st - the 2nd was good too, with 19.9C recorded.
11-13 October. The first substantial rainfall since the end of August: 30 mm in about 30 hours. 17.2 mm fall on Friday 11th, and another 12.8 mm on Saturday 12th. Then as the weather clears, it turns cold, and the first ground frost of the year on the morning of Sunday 13th (the latest date so far for the first ground frost) - and after that, we get dense fog.
19 October. The first air frost of the year (-0.6C) - cold, clear, and windy. This is the record earliest date for an air frost so far.
20 October. An air minimum of -1.4C; this is the record lowest temperature for October here so far.
21-22 October. The first very wet day (defined as >25.0 mm) since November 1998: nonstop rain, heavy at times, gives 27.6 mm in the observing day. (It might well have been more, as our hedge has grown to the east.) We also had the record longest period of continuous rain (43 hours,from 0.00 midnight on the 21st, to 7 pm on the 22nd). The 22nd was also the second coldest October day in my records (only 6.6C).
23 October. It gets colder. A new record low maximum for an October day of only 5.6C.
24 October. More heavy rain in the evening turns to sleet as temperatures fall - this is the record earliest sleet/snow we have had yet. Perhaps a bit feeble, but sleet it was nevertheless. What a month.
November 2002. A mild and wet month, but with little extreme weather of note. Although it wasn't particularly cloudy, at times it was exceptionally dull.
December 2002. A dull month with a notable cold snap.
7 December. With a Scandinavian high, the winds swing round to the east, and it becomes cool and very, very dull. We see hardly any sun for the next 10 days.
12-16 December. No sun at all for five days.
19 December. Freezing fog, and a minimum of -5.8C. There are 39 hours of frost from the 18th to midday on the 20th. The maximum on Thursday 19 December is -1.7C, a new record low maximum overall.
2003. An outstanding summer, with temperatures over 80F for the first time. An exceptionally dry autumn. The warmest (9.8C), sunniest year so far - and by far the driest.
January 2003. A month of exceptional contrasts. After a cold first week it turned exceptionally mild. The month ended cold and snowy.
26-27 January. A new record maximum for January of an incredible 14.3C on the 26th. (This was the same day that the national record was equalled.) The following morning the minimum was a new record high one of 11.0C.
February 2003. Overall cool and very dry. A cold snowy start. From the 14th it became quite cold but very sunny.
18 February. A new record minimum for February of -7.8C on the 26th. It was rather surprising, in as much as although the weather had been quite cold, particularly low minima were not forecast. This indeed is the second lowest minimum since 1996, after 2 March 2001. Lovely weather too; clear blue skies, cool by day, cold and clear by night.
March 2003. Drought! Overall dry and anticyclonic. Although often misty, there were some fine days in the middle of the month. With 25.6 mm of rain, it was the record driest March so far.
10 March. A day of showers gave the last rain we were to see for some time.
11 March. In a rapid turnaroun, pressure rose 40 mbar in 24 hours on the 11th.
13 March. The minimum of -1.6C is the new record higest lowest minimum for March.
24 March. A maximum of16.6C, breaking the magic 60F barrier - earlier than usual (but not as early as March 2000). It is also a new record maximum for March.
31 March. The drought ends with overnight rain. At 20 days, it's the second longest so far (after summer 1999).
April 2003. Very warm (indeed, with a mean of 9.3C, the new record warmest April we've had here) and quite sunny. The first three weeks were very dry, but the end was unsettled and quite wet.
23 April. From the highest maximum of the month (18.6C) ...
24 April. ... to the lowest (8.0).
25 April. The prolonged dry spell ends with a downpour.
May 2003. Overall sunny, quite wet, with average temperatures.
17 May. Thundery rain, and a very heavy downpour: 10.8 mm of rain in one hour, a new record hourly rainfall rate.
June 2003. Easiest the warmest June on record; at 15.0C it's nearly 1 and 1/2 degrees above the second warmest, and nearly 2C above the average. The month was marked by consistently high maxima. It was also quite sunny and dry. Very pleasant.
July 2003. Overall a hot month (indeed the hottest overall on record), but with about average rainfall.
4 July. A new record highest maximum - 27.1C. This is also the first time in my records that we have exceeded 80F here. A magical day, with early sunshine. The maximum happened at 3.17 pm. Unfortunately the later afternoon and evening were cloudier.
20 July. A torrential downpour around 10 am; 14.4 mm falls in under
half an hour, given an equivalent rainfall hourly rate of 28.8 mm, a new
record hourly rainfall rate.
August 2003. Hot (as hot as 1997) and very dry - the driest August on record, and the second driest month overall. There were 17 consecutive days over 20C.
7 August. A new overall record highest maximum for any month of 28.4C.
September 2003. Not a particularly notable month: warm first half, quite dry, some cool nights.
20 September. I'd say autumn really got going around this date - much cooler, and the first substantial rain for some time.
23 September. A new record lowest minimum for September of 2.2C
October 2003. Extremely dry - with only 9.4 mm of rain the driest month so far. The period August-October 2003 was the record driest three consecutive calendar months - just 58.4 mm.
29 - 30 October. Two outstanding aurora.
30 October. A new record October minimum of -1.6C.
November 2003. Very mild (but not as mild as November 1997), slightly drier than average. Autumn 2003 is the record driest so far.
6 November. A new record November maximum of
December 2003. Overall an average month, but highly variable, with some notable mild and cold spells. Mild early, midmonth and around Christmas. A notable snowfall on Christmas Eve (forecast to "turn to rain"). Also the month is notable for our move of house and station.
9 December. A new record December minimum late night on the 8-9th - actually it occurred well before dawn, as the temperature started rising after midnight. It followed a heavy rime frost, freezing fog the like of which I haven't seen since I left the Midlands, and a frost day.
19 December. We move house and station 9 miles NE from Pitroddie to Lundie, near Auchterhouse, in the Sidlaws. The climate is probably similar, although we are slightly higher (175 m rather than 50) and a little more sheltered.
25 December. A mild, forgettable Christmas day.
31 December. A notable snowfall. It starts at 4 pm on Thursday, New
Year's Eve, and continues till midnight. We have about six inches of
level snow, and are snowed in until Saturday morning.
2004. The coldest year in my records - with an overall mean of 8.8C. Of course, I have moved very slightly north and up in altitude, which probably has something to do with it. Only time will tell how much.
January 2004. Snowy beginng and end, mild midmonth. Pretty average overall.
1 January. Deep fresh snow - if only it had been a week earlier.
8 January. A very miserable day - wet, windy, and extremely dull. The birds gave up at lunchtime.
February 2004. Snow at the beginning and end, very mild midmonth, to give about average temperatures overall. A very sunny month. It was also exceptionally dry, with only 11.0 mm (the driest February so far, and the third driest month, after October 2003 and April 1997).
March 2004. An average sort of month without any great excitement. Mixed, with cold start, and mild interludes. Some snow, and slightly cooler than average.
April 2004. Quite wet, cloudy, and slightly cooler than average.
24-25 April. Warm spell: first day over 60F (just) on Saturday 24th. This is the new record latest date on which this has happened.
May 2004. Quite dry and sunny, with some warm days and cool nights - remarkably, with the lowest average minima yet recorded, there wasn't even a ground frost.
June 2004. Average overall, but wet.
5 June. First day of the year over 70F (with 21.8C).
14 June. A new record maximum for June: 24.7C. The odd thing about the day was how windy it was.
23 June. A wet day, with 14 hours of continuous rain giving 22.6 mm.
July 2004. The new record coldest July, with an average of only 13.6C. The highest maximum of the month (21.8C on the 27th) is the lowest July highest maximum on record so far.
August 2004. Not just a new record wettest month, but extraordinarily so (194 mm). There was an exceptional wet spell in the second week. It was also cool, thundery, and dull, with much low cloud.
1-12 August. Perhaps the worst week of summer weather I can remember: almost perpetual dense fog (low cloud), very dull, and with some periods of heavy rain. Then the 9th, 10th, and 11th were exceptionally wet, with 40.4, 24.8, and 35.6 mm of rain (a total of 101.8 mm), leading to local flooding. Needless to say, the 40.4 mm total is the new record daily rainfall total.
31 August. A new record August minimum (5.1C).
September 2004. The coldest for ten years. It wasn't that far beneath average (12.3C) but the range in September isn't great. It was otherwise a mixed month, with close to average rainfall. Quite bright, and many cool nights.
29 September. The low maximum of 11.4C is the equal lowest.
October 2004. Cold and wet. Indeed, the new record wettest October, with 152.2 mm of rain - only August this year was wetter. At an average of 8.5C, only October 2001 was colder.
November 2004. Quite dry (34.6 mm total rain), average temperatures, largely anticyclonic, with a cold snap.
19 November. The first airfrost of the year.
21 November. An equal record November
minimum of -5.3C. A good cold plunge, with some severe frosts. It
doesn't last long though. The cold snap (which started here on the 18th)
ended with a spell of freezing rain. We did see some good frosts though,
including 18 frost hours.
December 2004. Average temperatures, on the dry side, but quite sunny.
24-25 December. After a moderate snowfall on the afternoon of the 24th, we have snow lying on Christmas Day (but no fresh snow).
2005. The new record coldest year so far (8.7C). A cold, wet spring - easiestly the new record coldest so far (7.3C), and the second wettest, with 200.8 mm of rain. Other highlights of the year include the hottest day so far recorded (29.0C in July), some exceptional wet days in October, and a new record low for December. This year saw more air frosts (58) than any other year so far.
January 2005. Slightly warmer than average temperatures, with a mean of 4.7C overall. Temperatures ranged from a maximum of 13.6 on the 31st to a minimum of -3.2C on the 23rd. It was quite wet (86.2 mm rain total). These figures tell only half the story: it was very much a "month of two halves", with an exceptionally wet and stormy first half and quiet and dry second half. 85.4 mm of the rainfall occurred in the first 17 days. There was a severe and damaging gale on the 11-12th.
4-12 January. A stormy few days, with notable gales on the 4-5th and 7-8th. The 7th also sees 28.8 mm rain (the fifth highest daily total so far), with rain turning to sleet and snow overnight. The night of the 11-12th (Tuesday-Wednesday) sees the worst gale yet: we lose a slate from the roof, and our big bay tree pot is blown over and smashed.
February 2005. Another month of two halves - rather mild until the 18th, then much colder and snowier. Overall an equal new record coldest February. The average minima are the lowest since December 2001, yet the lowest temperature of the month is only -2.7C on the 24th. Average precipitation.
23 February. Heavy overnight snow keeps us in all day on the 23rd; maximum depth is about 7 cm, but the car goes nowhere very safely. We abandon it at the bottom of the hill. 32 hours of frost: annoyingly the temperature climbs just above freezing just before 9 am. Nevertheless the maximum of 0.3C is still a new record lowest February maximum.
March 2005. A dull, cool month. Average rainfall. Snowy beginning, foggy dull end.
1 March. More overnight snow means we're snowed in again.
18 March. The minimum of 10.5 is a new record high minimum.
25-28 March. After a glorious Good Friday, with the first day over 60F (16.3C), the rest of Easter is exceptionally miserable" cold, very dull, wet at times, breezy easterly winds, and much dense fog and low cloud.26 March - 1 April inclusive. Fog, dull easterlies, and no sun - an equal record dull spell of seven days.
April 2005. Cool, wet, easterly month, yet fairly sunny. This is the first time the highest April maximum has been lower than the highest March maximum in a year.
17-18 April. A vile couple of days, very dull, with 24.2 mm of rain
over 22 hours.
May 2005. A pretty dismal month. By far the coldest May since my records began (9.2C). It was also the second wettest (with 88.6 mm of rain). It was also the only time so far I have recoded air frosts in May, so the minimum of -0.5C on the 18th is a new record low for May. The highest temperature (17.9 on the 15th) of the month was also the new record lowest May high. The only consolation was that it wasn't too dull.
10 May. A remarkably late air frost - the record latest so far.
17 May. Again, a remarkably late air frost (just, -0.1C) - so the newrecord latest so far.
18 May And the next night, even colder: -0.5C) - so again the newrecord latest frost so far.
June 2005. About average overall, with a warm spell near the end and some cool nights early on.
7 June. A late ground frost: the newrecord latest so far.
18 June. A the newrecord high June minimum
July 2005. A fine, warm, sunny first three weeks were spoiled by a dull, cool final week. Overall it was the driest July (with just 21.2 mm of rain) since records began (marginally drier than July 1998). The mean maximum was 20.0C, mean minimum 10.3, overall 15.2C. There was a particularly good warm spell midmonth, and the maximum of 29.0C on the 12th was the highest since records began (and reputedly the highest locally since 1990).
10 July. Fine, sunny, hot spell: and a new record July high so far of 27.7C.
12 July. And then a new record high so far of any month of 29.0C.
23- July. Followed by a cold, windy, cloudy, but mostly dry end to the month.
August 2005. An average month. There were some cool nights; the minimum of 5.1C on the 25th is the equal lowest on record, and the average minimum was the lowest since records began. It was quite sunny, but often windy. There was a notable gale on the night of the 23-24th. The higest temperature was 26.2C on the 10th.
23-24 August. An unusually early gale overnight; several branches down. I'd say this marks the start of autumn.
September 2005. A very dry month, but also the most westerly since January. Also very windy, with two gales, on the 13th and 26th.
9-10 September. A cold snap, with NE winds, so dull and cloudy too, in a warm spell; one day the temperature is 19.8C (on the 8th), then on the 9th the maximum is only 11.2C - a new record September low maximum.
13 September. A gale blows away and destroys the garden table.
15-16 September. With N winds this time, another cold snap - this
time fine and sunny rather than just cold and dull. There's a ground
frost on the morning of the 16th (-2C, air minimum +1.9C) - a new record earliest such date for a ground frost, and
also the new record lowest September minimum.
October 2005. Mild, wet, and cloudy, with a notable warm spell near the end. Unusually there were two very wet days.
11 October. 35.0 mm rain in a day - the fourth heaviest fall on record. Then, curiously, less than a fortnight later ... With 34 hours of continuous rainfall (on the 11-12th), this is the second longest period of continuous rain (after 21-22 October 2002).
24 October. Another 33.4 mm of rain.
27 October. 17.9C - the new record highest temperature so late in the year, easily beating 9 October 2003.
November 2005. Cold and very sunny - the coldest since 1998. After a mild, unsettled beginning, it became anticyclonic, drier, and colder, with some sharp frosts at night. A northerly outbreak near the end of the month brought the first snow. The month saw 68.0 mm of precipitation. Along with 1996, there was a record number of air frosts for November (14).
10-11 November. A notable gale on the Thursday night and particularly Friday afternoon - a neighbour records a gust of over 60 mph. The 10th was the warmest day of the month, with 12.3C.
13 November. The first air frost of the year -0.1C.
18 November. The coldest night of the month, with -3.7C.
24 November. After a quiet, dry, if cold spell, with some sharp frosts at night, the winds pick up and turn to the north, and we have the first snow flurries of the winter.
25 November. A severe weather day: wet snow, becoming heavy.
December 2005. A mild first half and cold snowy end. Overall with a mean of 3.6C and 60.4 mm of precipitation it's an average month overall. Temperatures ranged from 10.6C on the 11th and 15th to -7.6C on the morning of the 29th. The wettest day was the 30th, with 16.2 mm of snow and sleet.
29 December. Cold snap - snow, then freezing fog. On the morning of Thursday 29th I recorded a new record low for December of -7.6C. The spell 28-30 December sets a new record duration for continuous frost - 43 hours, from about 4 pm on the 28th to 11 am on the 30th.
2006. A cold spring - with a particularly cold and snowy March, followed by a very warm June and July - July becoming the hottest month I've recorded here - let down by an average August. Hence summer 2003 was only the second warmest in my records, after 2003.
January 2006. Slightly cooler than average (3.4C average) and quite dry (41.6 mm of rain (about 66% of average). There was snow lying at the start, but the second week was mild, wet, and windy - most of the rain fell in this period, with a gale on the 12th. The second half of the month was very quiet and anticyclonic, with some gloriously sunny winter days. Maxima ranged from 11.4C (10th) to 2.3C (5th). The coldest night was the last, with -4.6 early on the morning of the 31st.
1 January. The New Year dawns with snow still lying.
31 January. The coldest night of the month, with -4.6C.
February 2006. Slightly cooler than average (3.5C average) and quite dry (39.2 mm of rain - remarkably similar to January in fact. Maxima ranged from 9.6C (10th) to 2.8C (1st). The coldest night was the 2nd, with -5.2.
2 February. A cold night, with -5.2C.
10 February. The highest temperature of the month, 9.6C. In fact this is a new record lowest highest February maximum.
16 February. The pressure of 969 mbars is the lowest since 23 January 2001.
March 2006. An extraordinary month. It was the coldest and wettest March on record by some way, and indeed it was the coldest of any month since January 2001.There were several notable snowfalls, particularly on the 11-12th. The lowest temperatute of the month was -5.8C on the 22nd - the latest date I have recorded such a low reading here in ten years. Things perked up a little in the last week, with the heavenly heights of 12.2 recorded on the 26th. The snowdrops are only just fading and most of the daffodils have yet to open. It was also a dull month.
3 March. Snow fall morning.
10-15 March inclusive. No sun.
11 March. Cold spell, with snow in the moring. Maximum just 1.1C.
12 March. Sunday - about 16 cm of heavy snowfall, remarkable for so late. Also the maximum of just 0.8C is the new record lowest maximum so late in the winter/spring.
16 March. The cold spell continues - more snow on top of the laying snow.
22-23 March. The harshest frost so late in the year (-5.8C) followed by a day with another significant snowfall.
25 March. At last the temperatures start to rise and spring is in the air. It reaches 12.2C on the 26th - the first time in double figures since 19 January, and the highest maximum since 14 November.
April 2006. A cool, very dry, sunny month. 15.2 mm of rain in total - only April 1997 was drier. Although the day time maxima were about average, there were many cool nights, though none exceptionally so. The month had a cold start, with sleet and hail, and a mild end.
23 April. At 15.9C the temperate at last exceeds 15.6C (60F).
May 2006. Cold (but not as cold as 2005), wet (but not as wet as 2005), and quite sunny. Overall average = 9.8 C, total rainfall 78.8 mm.
11 May. Highest maximum of the month, 20.9.
23 May. Lowest minimum of the month, 0.2.
Spring 2006. Note that spring 2006 here was the wettest and coldest on record, in spite of a very dry April.
June 2006. >A very warm month, but not as warm as 2003; also quite dry (particularly the first half) and sunny.
6 June. The hottest day of the month, and year so far (24.4C). It is also the new record daily range, of 18.9C, from 5.5 to 24.4C.
July 2006. The hottest month in my Scottish records (17.1C). The maxima were particularly high (average 22.4C), although the average minimum was not as high as in 2003. Also there was no outstanding individual reading. There are many very warm spells, although some of the days when it was particularly hot elsewhere were spoiled here by the haar. Four of my top ten maxima were recorded in July 2006. There have now been 7 (yes, 1!) days over 80F (old money) in the last ten years, all in July and August (2003, 2005, and 2006). In spit of the haar it was also a sunny, relatively dry month
16 July. The hottest day of the year so far, at 27.8C - and the third highest reading on record (beaten by 7 August 2003 and 12 July 2005). After the heat wave, predictably, comes the haar, while the rest of the country swelters. I find this aspect of life on the Scottish east coast so depressing. It is as though we are in a different world.
August 2006. Objectively a very average month - but what a contrast with the two months before. Summer as a whole was very warm - the second warmest here in my records, but not as warm as 2003.
15 August. With a maximum of only 12.9C, the second coldest August day I've recorded (after 23 August 1998).
17 August. Thunderstorm 3-4 am; we get woken. Although the electrical activity is only slight, the rainfall is spectacular, with 7.6 mm between 4 and 5, and 6.8 mm between 5 and 6. I think this is a high hourly rainfall rate for me, measured across one hour, but not as high as 17 May 2003.
September 2006. Very warm and veryw wet - but not as warm here as September 1999 not as wet as September 2000. The maxima were particularly high - the average maximum was 18.4C, a new record. The average minimum in September was higher than the average minimum in August this year.
20 September. A gale, the first of the season - and truly equinoctial!
21 September. The warmest day of the month, at 21.9C - very late, but not a record.
October 2006. Wet and mild - the warmest since 2001.
25-26 October. A very wet day (27.2 mm, most of it overnight), and then a gale as the winds swing to the east, with branches coming down.
November 2006. A wet month, but not as wet as November 1998. Temperatures slightly above average.
2 November. The first air frost of the year - quite an early date.
23 November. Wet and very windy, and very low pressure (969 mbars at morning reading).
December 2006. Very wet, mild and windy first half, very dry, cold and quiet second half.
25 December. A freezing fog Christmas, with -6.1C recorded in the morning. This reading is the lowest of 2006. It looks like a White Christmas.
2007. Overall a rather cool, dry year. The overall average temperature was 8.8C (-0.4C from the ten-year mean, but not as cool as 2005), and the rainfall totalled 650.3 mm (89% of the average, but nowhere near as dry as 2003). Winter 2006-07 was mild (but not as mild as 1997-98) and with 307.2 mm of rain, easily the new record wettest winter so far. GIven its mildness, there obviously wasn't much snow about, and temperatures were never very low. Spring was dry and with about average temperatues; March and May were cool, but cancelled out by the exceptional warmth of April. It was easily the record coldest summer in my records so far, with an overall mean of 13.3C (-1.2C). The driest autumn in my records - 94.2 mm of rain, 46% of average, and indeed the new record driest of any season. It was the coldest December since 1996. The highest temperature of the year was just 23.5C on 24 August - the record lowest yearly maximum so far - and the lowest -6.8C on the morning of the 22 December. The last frost was 2 April, the first 25 October. An anticyclonic cold spell on 20-22 December saw 43 hours of frost, an equal record (with December 2005).
January 2007. Overall very mild, wet, and sunny. January was very
unsettled in the first half, with some heavy (for here) rain, strong
winds, and mild temperatures, but was then much drier and somewhat
colder, with a little snow and frost, before turning milder again at the
end. Only January 2000 was milder in my records (since 1996), and 1998
and 2002 were wetter. What a relief it is to have more than 10 years of
data from one site (more or less). The lowest temperature of the month
was -1.6C (several dates); this is the highest January minimum in my
records; the greenfly are laughing. The first snow of the winter fell on
the night of the 16-17th - this is the record
latest date for the first snow.
February 2007. Average temperatures, but the new record wettest February on record, with 112.7 mm of precipitation. Quite a dull month. There were two short-lived cold snaps. I know however that this has been a mild winter because we haven't been snowed in once.
6-11 February. A short cold snap, with frost, showers of snow pellets, and from the night of Friday 9th, a very strong, biting easterly wind with snow and sleet.
12 February. The cold spell is definitely at an end. The last few days have been very wet (for here): 44.6 mm from the 8-11th, with 23. mm of snow, sleet and rain on the 10th.
On an unrelated note, yet another of our neighbours in Lundie has got a "death light"; you know the sort, the outside lights that stay on all night. These baffle me. We're not perfect; not all our windows have curtains. I can understand security lights that come on briefly while you fumble drunkenly in the dark for your keys. But death lights - what a waste of money and resources. And light pollution is evil; it ruins the night sky for us all. If you're scared of the dark, why move to the country?
I see that Southampton City Council want to make everyone's life miserable and obliterate the stars with green lasers. I am glad the people of Southampton must be so rich that they can finance this. Who votes for these people?
25 February. Install my new weather station, a Davis Advantage Pro.
27 February. Wake to the heaviest snow of the winter so far - a couple of inches.
March 2007. A dry month (35.0 mm), but not exceptionally so; slightly milder than average, and quite sunny. There was a short cold snap midmonth (18-21st) with some light snow.
28 March. 5.6 mm of rain - most notable as the last rain in a while ...
29 March. The drought begins.
April 2007. By far the warmest April in my records, with an average temperature of 10.1C (+2.1C). The maxima were particularly high (average maximum 15.0C). It was also a sunny and very dry month (with 14.6 mm of rain, 32% of the average, with most of that rain falling on one day, the 24th). The month was slightly spoiled by the easterly winds bringing in low cloud and haar, particularly at the end of the month. As is often the case, this part of east Scotland suffers when the rest of the country basks in hot sunshine.
4 April. The first day over 15C and 60F. ... Eventually it reaches 20.8, making it the new record hottest April day here so far (since 1996, remember).
11 April. Drought! 14 days with no measurable rainfall.
15 April. 21.5C - the first day over 70F. This is easiest the record earliest date for this so far. The drought continues.
16 April. The drought is ended by 0.2 mm of rain in a shower at 8.30 the next morning. Annoying.
24 April. Wih 9.2 mm of rain, most of the month's rainfall fell in a few hours overnight.
29 April - 5 May. A great deal of haar, murk, and low cloud with E/SE winds.
May 2007. May was cooler than average (by -1.2C) and, most unusually, cooler than April. In other respects it was an unexceptional month, being slightly drier and cloudier than average.
June 2007. June here was a miserable month: the equal coldest (in my records) with 1998 (at 12.3C); by far the dullest; and the highest temperature of the month was just 19.1C, the lowest maximum for June in my records. There were 10 sunless days, and 10 days with fog/haar at 10 am. At least it wasn't exceptionally wet.
8 June. A moderate thunderstorm from 3-6. 10.6 mm of rain after 3 a.m (6.6 of that between 5 and 6). The storm tracked SW->NE, passing close to overhead around 5. The thunderstorm peaked close to 5.30, when we had a brief power cut and all the alarms went off. After that, silence, and the rain quickly ceased.
9 June. The warmest day of the month, with 19.1C - this is the lowest June maximum in my records.
July 2007. Cool and wet, with temeratures -1.3C beneath average, and 153% of the average rainfall. At least it was quite bright. Otherwise exceptional events were rare.23 July. 6.0 mm of rain fell between 3 and 4 on the 23rd.
August 2007. Easily the record coldest August in my records, and probably since 1993. Miserable. Rainfall was close to average.
20 August. The new record August minimum - just 4.8C.
24 August. The warmest day of the year (23.5C).
September 2007. Cold, very dry, and quite sunny. The coldest in my records (since 1995) - probably the coldest locally since 1993. This follows the record coldest August, for me, here. Also very dry, but not quite as dry as 2002. Some low maxima towards the end of the month.
15 September. The minimum of 1.3 is a new record lowest minimum for September so far.
26 September. A cold spell. The maximum is just 9.8C, a new record lowest maximum for September. The same low maximum is also reached on the 27th.
October 2007. Very dry (with just 20.2 mm of rain, but not as dry as October 2003). A very anticylonic month. Average temperatures overall, but with some warm days and cool nights.
11 October. 19.C - my highest temperature reading so late in the year.
25 October. -0.4C - the first air frost of the year - a bit earlier than average.
November 2007. Slightly warmer and drier than average. Dry, quiet first half; warm start; cooler, wetter, less settled second half.
2 November. Very mild - 16.7C equals the record warmest November day in my records.
December 2007. The equal (with 1996) coldest on record. It was also quite dry, with 32.0 mm (53%) of rain, making it the driest since 2001.
15-23 December. Anticylonic cold snap, with severe frosts, fog, and freezing fog. The temperature falls to -6.0 on the 17th, and there is continuous frost (and fog) from 3 pm on Thursay 20 to 11 am on Saturday 22nd - a total of 43 hours of frost - an equal record period (see also December 2005). This frost included the lowest temperature of the year, -6.8C, early in the morning of the 22nd.
2008. Overall quite a dry year, but most notable for easily being the record coldest year in my records. Winter 2007-08 as a whole was slightly cooler than average, and slightly drier, in spite of a record wet January. Frost and snow were about average. Autumn 2008 was easily the coldest in my records; it was dry, too. It was a snowy year. December was the coldest month in my records.
January 2008. Overall the record wettest January in my records, with a total of 104.8 mm (150%). I was surprised by this, as no one day was very wet. (The wettest was the 1st with 12.0 mm.) It was aslo a cool month, with frequent gales, some snow, and quite dull.
3 January. The first snowy spell for some time.
8-9 January. A great gale - wind blowing force 10, peaking in the early hours of Wednesday morning (9th). We lose power at 5.30! Locally rooves blown off, trees down, many branches, and some flooding.
February 2008. Overall about average temperatures with some mild days and cool nights. However, because of a run of slightly colder than (my) average Februarys, it was the coolest February since 2002. It was windy at times, although anticyclonic midmonth. It was also a very dry month. Nearly half the total rainfall fell on the Leap Day.
March 2008. Cool and quite dry but sunny, with some cold snaps. Another occasion when March was colder than February.
21 March. Frequent snow flurries, with heavier fall overnight leading to snow cover on the morning of Saturday 22nd. This is also a very early Easter - so it's White Easter!
25 March. With a minimum of -3.5, this is the record harshest frost at such a late date so far.
26 March. ... Beaten the next day, just, with a minimum of -3.6C (at 5 am), this is the record harshest frost at such a late date so far.
28 March. The record latest date so far on which snow has laid.
April 2008. Cold and wet.
3 April. A lovely warm spring day, with a maximum of 17.2C.
5 April. Followed by a cold snap, with snow showers.
6 April. After overnight snow, the new record latest date so far on which snow has laid. The maximum this Sunday is just 4.3C, a new record lowest maximum for an April day.
May 2008. Warm and very dry; but not quite as hot as 1999, 2002, or 2004, or as dry as 2001.
10 May. The warmest day of the year so far: 21.6C.
June 2008. Some very cool nights led to a new record monthly average minimum for June (7.6C). Although the days were about average, the overall result was a cool month. Although not terribly wet (45.4 mm, 7% average), it was changeable, and often quite windy.
9 June. The warmest day of the year so far, with 22.1C.
July 2008. Dull and cool. While the rest of the country enjoyed a warm end to the month, after a few fine days, the wind swung round to the east, and as usual, the dreaded haar came in.
14 July. The warmest day of the year so far, with 23.1C.
22 July. The warmest day of the year so far, with 23.9C.
24 July. After a few fine days, the dreaded haar sets in.
August 2008. Cool (but not as cool as 2007), wet (but not as wet as 2004) and dull. The maximum of just 11.8C on the 6th was the lowest August maximum in my records. Overall the average maxima a new record lowest for any August so far here.
2 August. Phenomenal downpour around 3.30 pm gives 10.0 mm of rain in an hour, an hourly rainfall rate of 10.0 mm/hour.5-7 August. Spell of very cold, very wet weather. 11.0 mm of rain on the 5th, 22.2 mm on the 6th, no sun, and a maximum of just 11.8C on the the 6th - a new record low maximum for August.
22 August. Another torrential downpour in the afternoon: over 12 mm between 4 and 6 pm.
September 2008. A slightly cooler, drier, and cloudier than average month.
October 2008. Cold, dry and sunny. The coldest in my records (average 7.5C, and probably the coldest in the area since 1992. The average minima were particularly low.
21 October. The first snow of the year - a little sleet in a light shower late morning - the record earliest date on which it has fallen.
28 October. Cold snap. The first air frost of the year, with -0.2. This is followed by the new record low maximum for October, just 3.5C, easily beating the record of 23 October 2002 (5.6C).
November 2008. Cold (4.9C average), sunny, and with just 26.2 mm of rain, easily the driest in my records.
22 November. The start of a prolonged cold spell, although the weather is briefly milder around the 25-27th. The maximum on the 22nd is just 0.9C. There were 20 hours of consecutive frost on the 30th.
30 November. The lowest minimum of the month, with -4.3C. There were another 20 hours of consecutive frost today.
December 2008. Cold, quite dry, quite snowy. The record coldest December in my records (and indeed since December 1995), and indeed the and the record coldest of any month, and the lowest minima (-0.4) of any month, in my records.
2 December. The cold spell continues. A moderate snowfall on the night of 1-2nd. Then a clear sunny day, with a maximum of just 0.1C at 2 pm, before the temperatures plummet to -4.0C before 4. They then recover a bit it clouds over, the wind rises, and there's more light snow.
4 December. The cold snap continues, with another 8 cm of snow overnight. We're not going anywhere.
26 December. After turning mild, it turns cold again, and gets colder - and stays cold.
30-31 December. 40 hours of continuous frost, starting at 9 am on the 30th, and falling to -5.7C early in the evening of the 31st (the lowest minimum of the year). The wind then picks up a little ...>
2009. Overall a very cold (the second coldest, after 2008) and very wet (easily the wettest in my records, with 142% of the average rainfall) year. Winter 2008-09 was easily the coldest in my records, with a mean temperature of 2.7, 1.3 beneath the mean, and significantly colder than 2001 (the next coldest, at 3.5C). It had the most air frosts (45) and the most days snow lying (23), although with 18 days on which snow fell it was just pipped by 2004 (19 days) and equal with 2005. It was drier than average (76%). Temperatures for spring were about average, and after a fairly dry March and April a wet April made the spring slightly wetter than average. Summer was cool and wet - with a total o387.8mm, 189% of the average rainfall, it was easily the record wettest summer I've recorded. Overall December was a new record coldest month by some way, and an exceptional cold spell started on 16 December.
January 2009. January was easily the coldest month in my records. It easily beat my previous record (which just happened to be December 2008), and was about the same locally as December 1995. You have to go back to January 1991 to find a significantly colder month. Unlike December, there was very little snow. It was slightly drier than average and quite sunny - that is, when the sun peeps above the horizon of this grim and blasted landscape. The first nine days were cold, it then turned milder for a few days, for the last two weeks to be cool.
1 January. The temperature rises to 0.4 to see the New Year in, ruining a run at a new record period of continuous frost.
February 2009. An extraordinarily divided month, with a very cold, snowy, frosty first half, with some prolonged severe frosts and continuous snow cover from the 2nd to 15th (a total of 14 consecutive days snow cover, a new record period for snow cover), and a very mild second half. Overall it was slightly cooler (-0.5C beneath average) and slightly drier (80%) than average.
8 February. The temperature just sneaks up to +0.2 briefly around 2 pm. This is a new record low maximum for February. It's particularly annoying because it interrupts 44 hours of continuous frost, leaving 22 hours before and 21 after - still impressive. The blackbirds didn't seem to think so, though.
11 February. A very heavy (and unpredicted) snow fall brought traffic chaos. We had to abandon the car down the road.
March 2009. An average month, with few notable events and extremes. Sunny, dry, quite mild.
April 2009. Quite warm and dry. My first frost free April. Otherwise there are few extremes this month.
20 April. Warm spell: it reaches 18.C. This is also the first day over 60F, a little later than average.
May 2009. Overall a little on the cool side, quite wet, and fairly sunny, but not remarkably so. Quite warm and very sunny at the end.
June 2009. Quite cool, wet, unsettled first half, easterly dull end with haar, a few nice days.
9 June. A new record low minimum for June of just 2.8C.
27 June. While the rest of the country swelters, haar sets in.
July 2009. With a total of 164.4 mm of rain (251% of normal), easily the new record wettest July. Temperatures were very slightly beneath average, mainly because of a few cool nights.
1 July. A hot day. At 27.3C (81F), it's the fourth hottest day I've recorded so far (after July 2005, August 2003, and July 2006). Of course here it's one fine day and a thunderstorm - at 5 pm.
6 July. Some torrential rain, with an hourly rainfall rate of 11.4 mm between 7 and 8 pm.
28 July. A very wet day, with 31.4 mm from 9-9, making it the fourth wettest day in my records (after November 1998 and two very wet days in October 2005). Interestingly it came from only 9 rainfall hours. 11.2 mm came from two heavy downpours in the afternoon, the rest from the more prolonged period of rain overnight. The heavy showers were very local: a neighbouring station in Auchterhouse, about five miles away, recorded just 3 mm in the same time.
August 2009. Slightly cooler than average, very wet (but not as wet as 2004), and quite sunny. The rain came with several wet days rather than any exceptionally (very wet, defined as > 25.0 mm) ones. The highest temperature of the month was 22,8C on the 7th, the lowest maximum was 14.3C on the 28th, and the lowest minimum 7.6C as early as the 3rd. There were 141.0 mm of rain (190%), with 19.2 mm on the 9th. It was though quite sunny, but rather windy at tikmes.
9 August. Torrential downpour, with nearly 15 mm in under three hours, from 5 pm.
September 2009. A wet month overall, with 86.2 mm, 157% of the average rainfall. However, virtually all the month's rain fell in the first three days in an exceptional wet spell (which I missed). Thereafter the month was settled and mostly dry. There were some warm days, but the cool nights meant that overall the month was very slightly cooler than average.
2-4 September. The remnants of Hurricane Dan give a period of exceptionally prolonged and heavy rainfall. It rains from 10 pm in the evening of Wednesday 2nd to midday Friday 4th, each of those three days giving 20.0, 44.0, and 1.2 mm of rain in total. 39 hours of consecutive rain gave a total of 65.2 mm of rain. Local flooding. The total of 44.0 mm in one day is a new record daily rainfall. There were no exceptional temperatures, with the highest temperature of the month being 20.0C on the 7th, and the loest 3.2C on the 20th.
October 2009. A very average month. Very slightly warmer and wetter than the long-term average. Temperatures ranged from 17.4C on the 14th to 1.4C on the 5th; the wettest day was the 24th, with 16.6 mm of rain.
November 2009. Extremely wet - with 174.0 mm of rain, 241% of average, the new record wettest November in my records by some considerable way. The month was very cyclonic and therefore unsettled, with a few frosts and one gale, on the 25th, when the pressure fell as low as 972 mbar. It was somewhat cooler than average. Temperatures ranged from 13.1C on the 2nd to -1.8C on the 9th.
1 November. A very wet and windy start, with 14 hours of rain delivering 36.4 mm 9-9 am. This is the third heaviest daily rainfall (after September 2009 and August 2004) in my records.
8 November. The first air frost of the year, with -0.2C at 5 am or so - on exactly my average first frost date.
18-20 November. Another very wet spell, with 17.0 mm on the 18th and 28.4 on the 19th, over 20 hours of continuous rainfall.
25 November. Gale, and the pressure fell as low as 972 mbar, when the pressure fell as low as 972 mbar.
December 2009. Easily the new record coldest December in my records by some considerable way, and probably the coldest month locally since 1986. A cool start but it then turns exceptionally cold and snowt after the 16th for the rest of the month. There is snow cover from the 18th on, reachng 11 cm on the 23rd, with two frost days.
1-2 December. The first snowfall of the year.
16 December. It turns much colder. 2 cms of snow on Thursday 17th; then the following night, 17-18th, the temperature falls to -6.8C, the =7th lowest temperature I've recorded. Much more snow on the 21st and 22nd, and then in the evening of the 22nd the temperature falls to -8.1C, the second lowest minimum I've recorded, beaten just by early March 2001. There are 44 hours of frost from the 17-19th, a new record, and another 43 from the 21-23rd.
2010. Winter 2010 was by far the new record coldest and snowest winter in my records, with a mean temperture of +0.8C (-2.9). Precipitation was close to average. Spring was cool and dry, although with some hot spells. A poor summer. An exceptional winter and record breaking December.
January 2010. December's record didn't last long. January 2010 was the new record coldest January in my records and also the new coldest month of all. It had an exceptionally cold first half, with, a less extreme but still cool second half. There were several other records broken this month.
2-4 January. A new record period of 48 hours of continuous frost, from 3 pm on the second to midday on the 4th, including a maximum of -6.9, a new record lowest January maximum.
5-9 January. That record didn't last long! A new record period of 80 hours of continuous frost, from 4 pm on the 5th to midnight on the 9th, including a maximum of -1.2 on the 7th, a new record lowest January maximum.
10 January. It turns very slightly milder, and a slow thaw can begin.
17 January. No more snow cover! The ground looks odd without it. The first day without snow cover since 17 December; that's 30 consecutive days of snow cover, a the new record longest period of snow cover.
27 January. A virtually tropical day with a maximum of 10.1C, the highest temperature of the month. It turns very cold again straight after.
February. February 2010 was the new record coldest February in my records. It was also a dry month. It was in other ways quite an unremarkable month - which really shows how mild and spring-like recent Februarys have been. The highest temperature of the month, 7.8C on the 12th, is the new record lowest February maximum.
23 February. In a clear spell we enjoy clear sunny days and some severe frosts at night, culminating with -7.5C overnight on the 22-23rd.
March. A cool, dry, bright month with some sharp frosts at the beginning and a cold snap at the end with snow and a biting easterly gale. Temperatures ranged from 13.7C on the 17th to -5.2C on the 3rd. 30.8mm of rain is 68% of the long-term average, and 9.0 mm of that fell as snow on the 29th.
29 March. The cold weather returns, with some snow and a bitterly easterly then northerly strong gale. The dustbin lid attacks my face. I am disappointed in the amount of snow, though, compared to what was forecast.
April. A fairly average month. Temperatures just a little below average, with some warm days offset by cool nights. It was quite dry and sunny.
2 April. A low of -3.0C in the morning. This is my second lowest April minimum, and you have to go back to 1998 to find one a (little) lower (-3.2C).
10 April. The first day over 60F; a very mild spring day here at 18.1C. That's spot on for this location. It also turns out to be the highest temperature of the month
18 April. A little snow in the air.
May. A month of extremes, with a new record maximum and minimum for May. A cold first half, and warmer second half. Overall cool, dry, and quite sunny.
3 May. A new record minimum for May of -0.9C overnight on the 2nd-3rd.
11 May. A record which doesn't last long, with a new record minimum for May of -0.9C on the late date of the 10-11th. Later in the day we have a shower with hail that turns to sleet and very wet snow, the new record latest date on which sleet/snow has fallen.
22 May. And then on the Saturday a new record maximum for June of 26.1C. What a scorcher!
June. A very warm, sunny month, and the record driest June in my records. There were just 28.4 mm of rain (45% of average), 11.0 mm of it falling on the 8th. Temperatures ranged from 24.7C (the equal record maximum for June) to 4.2C on the 15th.
July. Cool, wet (with a total of 160.6 mm, not quite as wet as July last year), and dull.
14 July. A horrid but interesting day; very dull, windy, wet - enlivened by 39.2 mm of rain, my second highest daily total.
18 July. The warmest day of the month, at 21.5C - the new record lowest maximum for July.
20 July. I'm away while we record another very heavy fall, 37.2 mm, with a very heavy rate in the morning.
August. With an average temperature of just 13.5C, the record coldest August in my records, and probably the coldest locally since 1993. It was also quite sunny and fairly dry. Both maxima and minima were well beneath average, with some very cool nights.
15 August. The warmest day of the month, just 21.9iC, the record lowest August maximum.
30 August. With a minimum of 4.2C (and a grass minimum of just +0.4C), the record coldest August night.
September. Cold and wet, but not as cold as 2007 or as wet as 2000.
7 September. Another very heavy rainfall - 35.6 mm in one day, and most of it in six hours between 9 and 3 - and at least 15 mm between 10 and 11. Needless to say I wasn't here again.
October. Colder than average, but otherwise a fairly average month.
20 October. The first frost of the year, at -0.4C.
November. Very cold and wet with an exceptional cold spell in the final week that broke a number of records. The start of the month was cool and wet. Cold air set in from the 23rd. New records include the lowest high maximum in November, new lowest maximum, and lowest minimum. There were 157 hours of frost, including 49 hours consecutive from the 26-29th, and a record-breaking 111 hours starting on the 29th. Snow cover was continuous from the 25th, reaching a record depth 32 cm of level snow on the 29th. Overall it was the coldest November in my records by some way, and probably locally since 1985. It was also the second wettest, beaten only by 2009.
2 November. A maximum of 11.3C, which turned out to the highest temperature of the month - the record lowest high maximum for November.
23 November. An exceptional early cold spell starts. The first snowfall of the year is on the 23rd, with more on the 24th, and the first day of snow cover at 9 am is Thursday 25th. On Saturday 27 we have a heavy snowfall, but on Sunday 28th (into Monday 29th) we have 29.0 mm of rain turning into 32 cm of snow - a record depth for me. The heavy snow is accompanied by thunder and lightning. More snow and exceptional frosts follow.
28 November. The Day of the Great Snowfall. In the morning there is a new record coldest November night with a minimum of -6.8C.
29 November. The start of a new record 111 hours of continuous frost.
30 November. The maximum today is a new record of jsut -1.7C.
December. A record-breaking cold month. The coldest month in my records, and the coldest December locally since 1890 or possibly before. Snow lay all on the ground all month. There were several new records, including a new lowest maximum, lowest minimum, and lowest highest maximum, all for any month. There was a total of 446 frost hours, including an unprecedented 195 hours from the 16th to the 24th. It was also a sunny and dry month. The exceptional cold spell continues from the start of the month with only a slight thaw at the end.
1 December. A new record coldest December day right at the beginning with a maximum of just -1.9C. By now the snow is 36 cm (over 14") deep, a new record.
3 December. A new all time record low of -11.2C in the early hours, the first time as well I've ever recorded beneath -10C.
4 December. The end of 111 hours of frost. But we were to have just a few hours when we reached the giddy heights of 1.1C before another 91 hours start.
9 December. A slow thaw starts. 91 hours of continuous frost (from the early hours of the 5th to midnight on the 8th/9th) end. The temperature reaches a maximum of 4.9C, but there is still over 20 cm of snow.
16 December. After a few slightly warmer days and a couple of frost-free nights, the extreme cold returns with a vengeance. It's all change as a dramatic cold front sweeps south in the night, and by 9 am the temperature is beneath freezing - where it stays for some time. A new record period of continuous frost, beneath freezing, from 9 am on the 16th to 12 noon on the 24th, when the temperature rises briefly to the giddy heights of 0.4C before dropping like a stone again.
21 December. The winter solstice is marked by a maxium of -4.1C, an incredible new record beating 1 December by a long way.
25 December. A White Christmas in the sense of snow lying but not falling. The Great Freeze continues.
2011. The exceptional cold spell continues at the start of the year. It was the warmest spring since 2003, and then the coldest summer in my records; it was also the second wettest, just pipped by 2004. It was the record wettest year in my records, with 1071 mm of rain, just pipping 2009's 1060 mm.
January 2011. A cold month overall, with a very cold first half and average second half. The cold weather continues into January. The total rainfall was average.
5 January. A now mundane 43 hours of frost from 5-7th, with a new record January minimum of -8.8C overnight on the 6-7th. The 7th is an extremely cold day, with temperatures low until night, where they rise to 0.4C - but accompanied by more snow, renewing the depth to 7 cm.
12 January. The forecast keeps suggesting the weather is going to turn much milder, but it keeps on getting put off, and it's only relatively mild, with highs in the mid 2s. Then expecting rain we have another heavy snowfall overnight of the 11-12th, renewing the snow depth to 8 cm, with a thick layer of compacted ice at the bottom.
13 January. Day 50 of continuous snow cover.
15 January. Day 52.
16 January. After a relatively mild interlude there's no snow cover on Day 53. Saturday is a very wet day (>25.0 mm fall) which clears a lot of snow. After this the weather turns anticyclonic.
26 January. Anticyclonic gloom. I've had enough of this. Every day is much the same, max aroun 6, min around 2, mostly cloudy, with some occasional sun.
February 2011. Slightly cooler than average, but very dull and extremely wet - the record wettest February in my records, with a total of 143.0 mm of rain, 251% of the 97-11 average. Temperatures ranged from a maximum of 12.4C on the 25th to -3.3C on the 9th. There were no ice days.
11 February. A very wet day, with 32.2 mm of rain (the 11th heaviest fall in my records). Heavy and persistent all afternoon and night.
March 2011. Pretty average; wetter than average, slightly sunnier, with temperatures close to average. Rainfall totalled 67.6%, 144%, with 20.0 mm on the 15th. Temperatures ranged from 15.3C on the 23rd to -2.4C on the 18th.
April 2011. The record warmest April in my records, with an average of 10.3C, just pipping April 2007 (10.1). It was also very dry, with just 10.3 mm of rain (only April 1997 was drier, with 10.0 mm), 5.6 mm of which fell on the wettest day (the 23rd). Also a sunny month. At times near the end of the month the temperatures were kept down by a cool easterly breeze with some haar.
6 April. A very mild night, at 11.8C the record highest April minimum in my records.
8 April. A very warm day peaking at 20.3C in the afternoon, the record earliest date at which 20C is passed.
10 April. A maximum in the afternoon of 21.1C. By far the record earliest date in the year I've reached 21.0C - the previous earliest date was May 9 in 2000; in 2002 we had to wait until 13 July.
23 April With 5.6 mm, the wettest day of the month.
27 April. A minimum of 0.7C, the lowest temperature of the month. This is - are you ready for this? - the record highest lowest minimum in April I've yet recorded.
May 2011. Overall quite cool and very wet - the new record wettest May.
4 May. Dry. Sunny day, but the minimum in the morning is -1.1C, the record lowest May temperature in my records.
23 May. A great spring gale - destructive because the trees are in full leaf, even the ash, and unusually late.
June 2011. Warm start, then cool and quite wet; many cool nights; probably the coolest since 1991, and certainly the new record coldest in my records, in spite of a warm start.
3-4 June. The maximum on the 3rd is 25.2C (the new record highest maximum for June), on the 4th just 10.9, a phenomenal difference of 14.3C, a new record difference. A transition accompanied by no noticeable rain or wind, either, or even change in wind direction.
21 June. The wettest day of the month, with 22.8 mm of rain.
24 June. We are just on the edge of the great Dundee 4 pm thunderstorm.
July 2011. Cold and wet. At 13.7C average, only 2004 was colder (just). The month was wet, with 133.2 mm (174%) of rain in total.
5-6 July. Another very wet spell - and just like this time last year I'm away and miss it. On the observing day of Tuesday 5th 37.2 mm of rain falls - most of it after midnight. The total for the calendar day of the 6th is 40.2 mm. Another 19.0 mm falls on the observing day (9-9 GMT) of the 6th.
10 July. A torrential shower early afternoon, over 10 mm in half an hour or so, giving a rainfall rate of about 21 mm/hour.
14 July. The warmest day of the month, 23.9C.
23 July. With a minimum of just 4.9C a very cool night.
August 2011. With a mean of just 13.1C, easily the new record coldest August in my records, and locally since probably 1986. It was also wet (with 130.8 mm), although most of the rain fell in the first half of the month.
10 August. A very wet day; with 35.0 mm currently the 10th equal wettest day in my reords. Also cold, with a maximum of just 12.5C.
September 2011. Wet, very slightly cooler than average, and sunny. Very warm end to the month. The temperature was -0.3C beneath average, with 96.6 mm (158%) of rain. The highest temperature was 23.2C on the 3rd and the lowest 5.2C on the 4th. The 16th was the wettest day with 18.8 mm of rain.
30 September. The warmest day of the month and the new record latest date on which 21C is exceeded, with a maximum of 23.2C.
October 2011. A fairly average month, with temperatures slightly above normal owing to some mild nights. We missed out on the very hot weather in the south at the start of the month, and the highest temperature of the month was just 16.9C (on the 9th); the lowest 0.9C on the 20th. Rainfall was close to average, with 73.2 total being 90%, with 20.0 mm falling on the 17th.
12 October. The first ground frost of the season (just).
November 2011. The new record warmest November in my records, with a mean of 8.0C, easily beating 1997; also quite cloudy, foggy, dull, no frost. A couple of gales and windy at times.
December 2011. Slightly cooler than average and the third wettest in my records.
2 December. At -1.8C, the first air frost of the season.
13 December. An unusually severe gale, causing a power cut.
25 December. A very mild Christmas day, at 11.4C, and a gale as well. Indeed it is the new record warmest Christmas Day in my records, easily beating 2002. Boxing Day is even milder, at 11.7C, before it turns cooler again.
2012 A cool year and with a total of 1082.2 mm of rain easily the record wettest in my records, with several days of very heavy rainfall. The year also saw a record lowest average maxima. Average winter temperatures, but with some notably warm days in February. A a record driest winter with mjst 146.3 mm of rain 2011-12. A record breaking warmest and driest March and wettest April make for an interesting spring. The new record wettest summer in my records (400.2 mm of rain in total, or 176%) and the equal coldest (with 2011). The new record coldest autumn in my records (just 7.4C average).
January 2012. Average temperatures, quite a sunny month, and quite dry. Cool end to the month. Unremarkable in other ways.
16 January. The coldest night of the month, with -4.2C.
February 2012. Very anticyclonic. Slightly milder than average, a dry month, and quite sunny.
3 February. The coldest night of the month at -5.0C.
22 February. Very mild; easily the new record mildest February day in my records, at 15.2C.
28 February. The record didn't last long. Very mild; easily the new record mildest February day in my records, at 15.9C. This is also now the new record earliest date at which 15.6 (60F) has been reached.
March 2012. Easily the warmest (8.4C mean) and driest (just 13.0 mm of rain) and probably sunniest March since my records began, and probably locally well before that, easily beating 1990. There was no measurable rainfall from 17th to 31st March inclusive, a total of 15 days, constituting the first measurable drought since 2007.
25 March. In an amazing anticyclonic spell the new record highest temperature for March is set, 20.5C, smashing the previous record.
26 March. The record doesn't last long, with a new record highest temperature for March of 21.4C recorded on Monday 26th. This is also of course the new record earliest date on which 70F is reached.
27 March. And this record doesn't last long, with a new record highest temperature for March of 22.3C recorded on Tuesday 27th. There is also a new record lowest humidity reading of 37% that afternoon too.
April 2012. A record-breaking (for me) month: very wet (with 116.0 mm, 242% of average, the wettest since 1998), and the new record coldest April in my records, with an overall average of just 5.9C (-2.1C). Hence April was much colder than March. The maxima and minima were both new record coldest averages.
3 April. A phenomenal late cold spell with heavy snow and blizzard conditions overnight 2-3rd, and more snow showers the next day, on the 3rd, with strong NE winds. The maximum temperature was just 1.7C, a new record low maximum for April.
5 April. The lowest minimum of the month, -3.1C, just failing to pip the record.
8 April. The highest temperature of the month, 15.8C, the new record lowest highest maximum for April.
May 2012. A cool month. A very cold first three weeks, then a fine warm settled spell, with a wet end.
5 May. A new record coldest May night, with a minimum of -1.8C early on the morning of Saturday 5th.
10 May. A new record lowest May maximum of just 6.5C.
17 May. The record lasts only a week: a new record lowest May maximum of just 5.9C.
20 May. A new record latest air frost; -0.3C on the morning of the 20th.
June 2012. Easily the new record coldest, wettest June in my records, with particularly low maxima. A dull month, too. A very cyclonic month, with the lowest average pressure for June (1008) in my records. Rainfall totalled 133.6 (198% of average).
4 June. A minimum of 1.6C, new record lowest June minimum.
15 June. The maximum today was just 8.7C (but not as low as 1 June 1998).
19 June. The "warmest" day of the month, 18.3C, the new record lowest highest June maximum.
21 June. A vey wet day indeed: 37.6 mm of rain in total, making it the 4th wettest day in any months since my records begin.
July 2012. Following the coldest June in my records, now the new record coolest July, with a mean of just 13.4C. Wet too, with 128.4 mm of rain (161% average).
21 July. The highest temperature of the month, 21.2C - the new record lowest high temperature for July.
August. And then a cool August (14.3C), and very wet to book (142.8mm, 179%).
27 August. A very wet day, with exactly 25.0mm of rain.
31 August. The new record lowest minimum for August, just 3.3C.
September 2012. The new record coldest September in my records, and probably locally since 1993. It was however quite sunny. Both the maxima and minima were new record lows.
23 September. The new record lowest minimum for September, just 0.8C.
October 2012. A cold, wet, dull month. In fact it was easily the new record coldest in my records, with a mean of only 6.7C (-2.6C).
11 October. A phenomenal night's rainfall giving easily the new record wettest one day's rainfall, with 62.6mm recorded today - all the more amazing given the rain didn't start until 5 pm.
21 October. The first air frost of the year, -0.3C, easily the new record earliest date for an air frost.
21 October. The highest temperature of the month, just 13.7C, the new record lowest October maximum.
November 2012. Very cold but quite sunny with average rain.
December 2012. Cool and very wet; easily the new record wettest December in my records, with 169.6 mm of rain (257%) of average. The first half was very cold and relatively dry; it then became very unsettled and extremely wet.
6 December. The lowest temperature of the month, -6.3C.
20 December. Another very heavy rainfall; 51.4 mm, accompanied by a SE gale and cold too.
22 December. ... and then 34.4 mm two days later.
2013. A cool year.
January 2013. With a total of 113.3 mm of precipitation, the wettest January in my records. It is also a cool and very dull month. Snow lies on the ground from the 20th until the end of the month.
11 January. After a mild start, the weather turns much colder from the 11th. There is snow on the 12th and 13th, resulting in 5 cm on the morning of Monday 14th. The minimum on the night of the 15-16th is -7.0C.
20-21 January. A major snowstorm. A blizzard with gale force easterly winds. It snows from 8 am on Monday 20th to 4 pm on Tuesday 21, that's 32 hours, leaving a maximum of around 20 cm with snow, almost a foot, and deeper in the many drifts.
26 January. More snow results in a depth of 44 cm of snow.
February 2013. A cool, relatively dry, very sunny month. The month was marked by some cool nights, with a ground frost every night, although the lowest temperature was only -2.9C (on the 27th). The second half of the month was relatively settled and dry, with some sunny days and cool nights.
2 February. 21 consecutive days of snow cover ended today.
March 2013. Easily the coldest March in my records, with an overall average temperature of just 0.9C. The coldest month of the "winter". It was very easterly and a very snowy month. Extraordinary. There were some very cold nights too.
11 March. Remarkable cold late spell. Snow on Sunday 10th and overnight, and then a very sharp frost at -7.9C. The following day, Monday 11th, is a remarkably and new record latest frost day, with a maximum of just -0.2C, followed by another sharp frost (-6.8C). Snow lies to a depth of 6 cm. There are also 46 hours of consecutive frost before the wind changes from the E to the NW.
20 March. Three more days of moderate snow leading to a depth of 14 cm.
21 March. The remarkable late cold spells continues: it is beneath freezing from 4 am early on the 22 to 1 pm on the 25th, a remarkable 81 hours of frost.
April 2013. The new record coldest April in my records. Also quite dry and sunny.
1 April. The new record coldest April low, with a minimum of -4.5C.
8 April. The new record coldest April day, with a maximum of just 1.4C. A snow day, too.
May 2013. Cool, quite sunny, somewhat wetter than average. The latest low minimum of -1.8C on the 24th and 25th.
June 2013. The new record driest June in my records, with just 26.8 mm (41%) of rain, with only 9 rain days. Otherwise a relatively cool and quite sunny month.
July 2013. A very warm month. Dry middle with wet and thundery spell at the end.
9, 18 July. The hottest days of the month at 27.1C.
5-21 July. Drought! No rain in this period.
August 2013. A cool, very dry month (24.6 mm of rain, 32%), otherwise unremarkable.
September 2013. Cooler than average and quite dry.
19 September. The new record coldest September day in my records - a maximum of just 8.8C.
October 2013. Very wet (with 144.2 mm of rain, 165% of the average), quite sunny, no gales, and about average temperatures.
18 October. 27.2 mm of rain; a very wet day.
November 2013. Cool, quite dry (30.6 mm = 41%), and very sunny.
December 2013. Wet, mild, and windy. The new record mildest December in records, at 4.8C just pipping 2002.
5 December. A great storm, bringing branches down, followed by a cold snap.
13 December. Move the weather station 5 miles down the road to Newtyle. It will be interesting to see what's different. It's about 100 m lower so presumably less snow.
30 December. A pressure reading of only 952 mbars.
2014. A very mild year overall. A very mild and new record wettest winter. With 1158.2 mm of rain it was also the new record wettest year.
January 2014. About average temperatures, but dull, very windy, and the new record wettest January in my records, with 222.4 mm of rain (a massive 284%(, with two very wet days (31.2 mm on the 21st and 28.2 on the 28th).
February 2014. Mild and wet.
March 2014. Quite mild and dry.
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April 2014. A mild month, otherwise about average and unremarkable.
May 2014. Warm
June 2014. Easily the new record warmest June in my records, with an average of 14.5C. The nights were particularly warm.18 June. The new record hottest day, with a high of 26.3C.
July 2014. Warm, sunny, and dry.
26 July. The warmest day of the year (so far), at 26.6C.
8 August. Downpour with 30.0 mm of rain. 21.0 mm of it fell between 4 and 6 pm.
10 August. And then the remnants of Hurricane Bertha brings another 33.6 mm.
September 2014. Very dry and quite warm.
October. Mild and wet.
November 2014. Quite mild and sunny, but the new record wettest on record, with a total of 192.0 mm of rain.
6 November. 52.8 mm of rain fell today.
14 November. Another 27.8 mm of rain fell today.
December 2014. Quite cool, fairly dry, and very sunny.
January 2015. Cool.
February 2015. An average month. Sunnier than average and with a cold first week.
April 2015. Warm and quite dry. The record sunniest of any month here since 1997.
4 June. An equal record low minimum for May of -1.8C on the 22nd
June 2015. Overall an average month, but with a new record high pressure and low pressure for June. Also ...
4 June. A low minimum for June, just +2.4C.
July 2015.Overall cold and very wet.
16 July. A very wet day, with 53.4 mm of rainfall, virtually all of it between 4 and 9, with torrential rain around 5 am.
August 2015. Another average month.
September 2015. Average temperatures but quite dry.
October 2015. An average month overall.
November 2015. A mild, wet, dull month.
December 2015. A record breaking month. Easily the mildest (6.0C, +2.6, the next mildest was December 1997 at 5.3, although locally 1988 might have been milder) and wettest (with 190.8 mm, with only November and January 2014 wetter).
19 December. A new record maximum for December: 14.2C, a new record December high, and indeed warmer than some July days this year. The minimum on the 19th is also a new record high minimum for December, at 10.8.C
2016. Winter 2015-2016 was exceptionally wet and rather mild. An unremarkable year, very slightly warmer and wetter than average. Highlights included: the first week of January, which saw rainfall totals of 11.4, 22.2, 48.2, 25.0, 25.4, 25.4. 22.0, exceptional for here, leading to flooding as the Isla burst its banks; heavy snow on the 28 April, with 5 cm still lying on the 29th, which did for my peony; a notable warm spell in mid September, culminating with 24.9C on the 15th; and a cold and frosty November, with a frost day.
January 2016. Extremely wet - the wettest month in my records, with 272.8 mm of rain in total.
1 - 7 January. The first week was extraordinarily wet, with daily rainfall totals of: 11.4, 22.2, 48.2, 25.0, 25.4, 25.4, and 22.0 mm, unsurprisingly leading to severe local flooding.
February 2016. An average month, but with many sharp night time frosts.
28-29 April. A remarkable heavy late spell of snow, settling later on the Thursday, leaving a 5 cm cover on the Friday morning.
May 2016. Quite warm, sunny, and relatively dry.
June 2016. Dull and wet.
July 2016. Unsettled.
August 2016. Quite warm and somewhat dry; also quite sunny.
10 August. A cold night with a minimum of +1.7C, the new record minimum for August.
September 2016. The warmest September in my records, and locally probably for at least the last 30 years, with an average temperature of 14.9C. It was also a sunny month, although rainfall was about average.
13 September. A new record high minimum for September, with an overnight "low" of 16.1C.
15 September. A new record high maximum for September, at 24.9C.
October 2016. Mild days, cool days, anticyclonic but otherwise average.
November 2016. With only 37.0 mm of rain, very dry (although not as dry as November 2000 or 2008) and at 3.6 C cold (but not quite as cold as 2010), and extremely sunny month.
21 November. A new record low minimum for November, with an overnight low of -7.5. It followed a frost day, with a maximum of just -0.3 on the 20th, very rare for November.
December 2016. Unusually anticyclonic, mild, quite dry, and dull.
25 December. A very mild Christmas day, at 12.2C, and a near gale as well. Indeed it is the new record warmest Christmas Day in my records, easily beating 2011.
2017. 2016-17 was a dry winter, but a relatively wet February means not as dry as 2011-12.
January 2017. Quite dry, cool, and sunny.
February 2017. Quite mild, wetter than average.
March 2017. Quite mild and sunny.
April 2017. The record driest month in my records, with just 7.0 mm of rain in total - coming after a very dry winter too.
18 April. With a minimum of -3.4, the second lowest April reading (after 1 April 2013), and easily the record lowest temperature for such a late date.
May 2017. Very warm - as warm as 2016 but at 11.8C mean not quite as warm as 2001 (at 11.9)/. The first third was dry and settled, the month becoming unsettled with more rain.
3 May. At 24%, the record record lowest humidity I have recorded.
6 May. A slight frost, at -0.4C, which only happens in 1 in 3 Mays.
12 May. A dry spell ends - one hour short of a meteorological drought (14 days without rain). Slightly drier than average.
26 May. A warm spell from the 24th to the 28th, culminating with 26.1C on the 28th. Only May 2010 saw a (slightly) higher May temperature (with 26.1).
June 2017. Wet (116.8 mm total rain, the third wettest in 21 years), less sunny than average (6866 minutes), breezy at times, and warm (mean 14.0, the warmest since 2014, and the 3rd warmest in 21 years).
2 June. The lowest minimum of the month, at 5.6C.
6 June. The wettest day of the month, with 32.4 mm of rain.
18 June. The highest minimum of the month, at 15.8C, the equal record highest June minimum (with 2005).
24 June. The warmest day of the month, at 24.3C.
27 June. 10.7C, the lowest maximum of the month, and the record latest day for such a low maximum.
July 2017. A fairly average month. With an average temperature of 14.8C it was slightly cooler than average, and with 47.8 mm of rain it was relatively dry.
24 July. The warmest day of the month, at 22.9C.
August 2017. Cool, wet, but sunny. The temperature didn't exceed 21.1C (70F) all month, the first time in my records this has happened.
1 August. Thundery showers. The rainfall rate in the hour ending 4 pm is 8.8 mm/hour.
2 August. Very heavy shower: the rainfall rate in the hour ending 8 amm is 11.2 mm/hour.
26 August. The highest temperature of the month, 20.7C, the new record lowest August maximum.
September 2017. Cool and dull.
October 2017. Mild and quite dry; a westerly month.
30 October. With a minimum of -2.3C the first frost of the year.
Overall cool and quite dry. It was quite dry until the 19th (9.4 mm), and most of the month's rain fell between the 19th and 22nd. After that the rest of the month was cold with occasional light snow. It was a very sunny month: sunnier than October, and not far behind September!
Overall mean temperature: 4.7C
Overall mean maximum temperature: 8.1
Overall mean minimum temperature: 1.4
Highest maximum temperature: 13.7 on the 1st
Lowest maximum temperature: 2.9 on the 24th
Lowest minimum temperature: -2.6 on the 25th
Rain total: 45.2 mm
Highest daily 9-9 rain temperature: 12.6 on the 22nd
4 days snow fall, 1 day snow laying 9-9, max depth 0.5 cm
The November average temperature here in my 20 years of records is 5.8, and this was the 7th coldest. Average rainfall here is 79.9, and this was the sixth driest. However November 2016 was both colder and drier.
Overall cool, very dry, and quite sunny. It was the coolest December since 2012 and the driest since 2001.
Cold, about average sunshine and rain.
Overall cold and dry quite sunny.
Overall mean temperature: 2.3 C (-1.07 C), coldest since 2010, and second coldest in 21 years
Overall mean maximum temperature: 5.3
Overall mean minimum temperature: -0.7
Highest maximum temperature: 10.1 on the 20th
Lowest maximum temperature: -2.1 on the 28th, a new record lowest February maximum
Lowest minimum temperature: -5.0 on the 28th
Rain total: 39.4 mm (69 %)
Highest daily 9-9 rain fall: 6.0 on the 14th
9 days snow fall 9-9, 5 day snow laying at 9, max depth 3.0 cm 6th and 28th
Overall cold, wet, and dull.
Overall mean temperature: 23.2 C (-3.4 C), coldest since 2013, and third coldest in 21 years
Overall mean maximum temperature: 5.9
Overall mean minimum temperature: 0.5
Highest maximum temperature: 12.2 on the 25th
Lowest maximum temperature: -1.5 on the 1st, equal record March lowest maximum.
Lowest minimum temperature: -4.8 on the 1st
Rain total: 146.6 mm (274 %), by far the record wettest March monin 21 yearsth
Highest daily 9-9 rain fall: 32.8 on the 15th
11 days snow fall 9-9, 11 day snow laying at 9, max depth 16.0 cm 2nd and 3rd.
Not far from average, slightly cooler an drier than long-term average, quite dull.
The warmest and sunniest May in my records (and only beaten by April 2015 for sunshine).
Overall mean temperature:12.6 C (+1.9 C)
Overall mean maximum temperature: 18.2
Overall mean minimum temperature: 7.0
Highest maximum temperature: 24.5 on the 30th
Lowest maximum temperature: 10.3 on the 3rd
Lowest minimum temperature: -1.1 on the 1st
Rain total: 47.0 mm (80 %)
Highest daily 9-9 rain fall: 17.0 on the 12th
0 snow or frost days
The second warmest in my records (after June 2003) and sunniest June in my records. Only some cool nights kept the average temperature down. An extremely interesting month.
Overall mean temperature:14.3 C (+1.3 C)
Overall mean maximum temperature: 20.2
Overall mean minimum temperature: 7.6
Highest maximum temperature: 29.6 on the 28th
Lowest maximum temperature: 12.9 on the 16th
Lowest minimum temperature: 5.8 on the 26th
Rain total: 38.0 mm (54 %)
Highest daily 9-9 rain fall: 17.0 on the 19th
0 snow or frost days
1 thunder day (10th)
I am sure my Davis thermometer, although screened and suitable exposed, over-records in direct sunshine.
A damaging gale on the 14th.
A new record low humidity of 24% on the 25th.
A very high diurnal range of 22.7 C.
The maximum of 29.6 C on the 28th is an all time new record maximum for me in this area.
The absolute drought is this tiny patch of East Scotland came to an end yesterday afternoon in the most feeble way possible, with my Davis gauge tipping just once to give 0.2 mm in what was an extremely local shower. This downpour ended 18 days without rain (the second drought of the spring/summer).It's annoying because there is no rain forecast for the next few days, so we were on course for beating my record drought of 21 days in July/August 1999.
The equal hottest (along with July 2006) and locally sunniest June in my records. The second drought of the year ends on the 8th.
Overall mean temperature: 17.1 C (+2.0 C)
Overall mean maximum temperature: 22.0
Overall mean minimum temperature: 12.0
Highest maximum temperature: 28.6 on the 27th
Lowest maximum temperature: 16.9 on the 12th
Lowest minimum temperature: 7.6 on the 25th
Rain total: 54.2 mm (69 %)
Highest daily 9-9 rain fall: 13.8 on the 27th
0 snow or frost days
1 thunder day (27th)
Overall slightly cooler, drier, and duller than average.
Overall mean temperature: 14.4 C (-0.4 C)
Overall mean maximum temperature: 18.6 (-0.3)
Overall mean minimum temperature: 10.3 (-0.2)
Highest maximum temperature: 24.8 on the 3rd
Lowest maximum temperature: 11.9 on the 28th
Lowest minimum temperature: 4.3 on the 30th & 31st
Rain total: 59.0 mm (76 %)
Highest daily 9-9 rain fall: 14.0 on the 12th
0 snow or frost days
0 thunder day (27th)
The maximum of 11.9 on the 28th was the second lowest in 20 years (pipped by 11.8 in August 2008).
Overall slightly cooler, drier, and sunnier than average.
Overall mean temperature: 12.1 C (-0.7 C)
Overall mean maximum temperature: 15.8 (-0.8)
Overall mean minimum temperature: 8.3 (-0.7)
Highest maximum temperature: 19.9 on the 1st
Lowest maximum temperature: 12.5 on the 25th
Lowest minimum temperature: 1.6 on the 23rd
Rain total: 52.8 mm (94 %)
Highest daily 9-9 rain fall: 11.2 on the 18th
0 snow or frost days
1 thunder day (27th)
No records set this month.
Average temperatures but quite dry; cold spell at end of the month.
Overall mean temperature: 9.4 C (0 C)
Overall mean maximum temperature: 12.6 (0)
Overall mean minimum temperature: 6.1 (0)
Highest maximum temperature: 18.1 on the 10th
Lowest maximum temperature: 6.9 on the 30th
Lowest minimum temperature: -3.1 on the 29th
Rain total: 57.6 mm (68 %)
Highest daily 9-9 rain fall: 15.8 on the 13th
0 snow or frost days
0 thunder day (27th)
18 October. An unusually early air frost (-0.1, just); only 2012 was earlier.
29 October. A new record low minimum for October, by some way, at -3.1.